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Oncology

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Oncology is one of the branches of medicine, focused on tumours and cancer treatment. Cancer is a disease, in which body cells began to mutate and pose a threat to one’s health or even life. There are different types of cancer, such as lung cancer, leukemia, brain cancer, liver cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer and soft tissue cancers such as various sarcomas.


The history of oncology in its modern form is quite short but people have observed tumors and cancers for thousands of years, often describing only those types which were visible on the outside. The term “oncology” comes from Galen, who used the Greek word ‘oncos’ (swelling) to describe tumors of all kind and ‘cancer’ (crab) for their malignant forms. Up until 19th century, people used Greek and Roman cancer treatments based on “humours” with close to no effect, since the knowledge of cells was non-existent. The advent of microscope use in medicine, as well as the discovery of radiation by Marie Curie-Skłodowska, had an important contribution to the development of oncology and cancer treatments.


Oncology employs many cancer treatment techniques. Oncology surgery is used when there is a chance of cancer removal. Therefore it is usually performed in early cancer stages when it didn’t spread to other body parts through the process of metastasis. In later cancer stages, oncology doctor conducts usually chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Chemotherapy treatment means utilisation of powerful drugs in cancer treatment. Those drugs are strong enough to kill cancer cells but can also cause a lot of collateral damage in the patient’s body. In radiation therapy, oncologists use radiation as an effective cancer treatment. Radiation may be emitted by a machine (external radiation therapy) or injected/swallowed (internal radiation therapy). However, these aren’t all options of oncology treatment. Apart from cancer surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, there are new, experimental therapies: gene therapies, targeted therapies, and others, which bring even brighter future for cancer patients.


Nobody has delusions that only elder people become cancer patients anymore. Seemingly, perfectly healthy young people may have a tumor or early cancer stages in their body without knowing it. That’s why it is so important to react to all cancer symptoms without hesitation. Especially skin cancers such as melanomas or soft tissue cancers become visible with time, allowing for rather quick identification and successful cancer treatment.


Oncology Abroad


Due to the development of medical tourism, many patients decide for cancer treatment abroad. In some countries, more advanced therapies are not refunded and cancer patients are willing to pay on their own to get the best oncology treatment possible. One of the trends among patients from Western Europe and the US is to look for a cancer hospital in India, where cancer treatment costs are relatively low and affordable. However, closer to Europe there are other health tourism destinations which offer comparable cancer care for the similar price. Since chemotherapy and radiation therapy cost might be too expensive in the most popular oncology centers in the world, such as USA, Australia, and the UK, people prefer to go alternative medical tourism destinations where they can find affordable costs and quality cancer treatment. For example, chemotherapy cost in Turkey or in India is quite affordable. For instance, Turkey for years enjoys a good opinion for its top-end clinics and specialists. Also, India has welcomed so many international patients in the recent years.


Most Common Cancer Treatments Abroad



  • Lung Cancer Treatment – Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide and many cancer patients decide to undergo oncology treatment for lungs in clinics abroad.

  • Breast Cancer Treatment – Breast cancer affects mostly women but it can also attack men. The solution is mastectomy in early cancer stages and chemotherapy combined with radiation therapy in late stages.

  • Colorectal Cancer Treatment – Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer and is often mistaken for other medical conditions.

  • Prostate Cancer – Prostate cancer naturally affects only men but rarely young ones. Men in certain age are advised to have prostate checks at regular intervals in order to detect prostate cancer in its early stages and begin successful oncology treatment. If the patients have any prostate cancer symptoms it is better to consult a specialist immediately.

  • Stomach Cancer – Stomach cancer may develop due to many factors, including smoking, bad diet, and stress and it is often detected too late to be effectively treated. Therefore, it is important to go to cancer hospital once you have stomach cancer symptoms.

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Acibadem Maslak Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
7 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
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Florence Nightingale Istanbul

Istanbul, Turkey
6 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TÜV SÜD - Technical Control Unit
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Medical Park Antalya Hospital

Antalya, Turkey
10 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Medipol Mega University Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
7 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International
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Medical Park Goztepe Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
3 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Memorial Antalya Hospital

Antalya, Turkey
9 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
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KCM Clinic

Jelenia Góra, Poland
TÜV SÜD - Technical Control Unit ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization IFSO - International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders
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Memorial Sisli Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
27 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
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Memorial Ankara Hospital

Ankara, Turkey
6 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
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Kolan International Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
3 reviews
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Kent Hospital

İzmir, Turkey
JCI - Joint Commission International
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Medical Park Bahcelievler Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Raffles Hospital Singapore

SINGAPORE, Singapore
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
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Kolan British Hospital

Nicosia, Cyprus
2 reviews
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Neolife Medical Center Romania

Bucharest, Romania
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Average Ratings:  
80 reviews

Oncology Cost

Average Oncology costs are € 79, based on Oncology prices from 18 clinics.

Oncology prices vary greatly depending on the clinic and the location. For example, Oncology in Poland is a popular option where Oncology costs as low as € 79.

Please note that the Oncology prices listed on FlyMedi are the average price for Oncology procedures. Clinics may ask you to provide them with specific information about your medical condition in order to provide you a detailed cost estimate for Oncology procedures. To receive a personalized Oncology quote, please click HERE.